欢迎登陆自考学位在线!

设为首页| 加入收藏

课程导学
您当前的位置:首页 >课程导学
英语写作

《英语写作》(00603)课程导学

一、课程介绍及复习方法

《英语写作》是英语专业本科段一门重要的实践课程,学分4分。本课程从实际应用出发,重点讲授如何撰写读书报告,如何用英语写好记叙文、描写文以及议论文等。通过对本课程的学习,学员应能写出内容充实,具有一定广度和深度的说明文和议论文以及带有注释和参考书目的课程论文。在此基础上,掌握撰写毕业论文的基本技能。要熟练掌握提纲及提要和读书报告的撰写技巧,写作速度每小时250—300词。

我们网站的辅导专家根据多年的教学经验,建议学员以下复习方法:

第一步:了解《英语写作》课本和历年真题,对英语写作内容和考试题型有个大致的了解,再进行第二步的系统的学习。

第二步:认真阅读教材。重点放在提纲写作和议论文写作上,这是历年考试比不可少的体型。

第三步:独立完成作业。写作课程是一门实践性很强的课程。学员一定要自己动手写,独立完成作业,仔细研究教材中所提供的实例。在完成作业的过程中,要做到:审题要细心、做题要认真、检查要耐心。

第四步:多写多改。写作能力是在写作实践中获得的。要想提高笔头能力,就必须经常动笔,经常动笔是对量的保证,量的积累是达到质的飞跃的前提。经常动笔是帮助学员提高笔头速度、减少笔头错误的重要一环。动笔时要牢记英语的写作特点,注意句与句之间和段与段之间的衔接。

第五步:增加阅读量。大量阅读是提高写作能力的重要一环。阅读和写作之间存在着不可分割的联系,学员写作中出现的问题,大多与阅读量不够有直接联系,如语言不够通顺,句子之间缺乏逻辑性,思路混乱,词形变化不正确等。另外,西方人的思维方式和我们的思维方式是不一样的。人们的书面语样板往往是通过大量阅读吸取的,阅读对写作能力的提高至关重要。

第六步:适当研究历年真题。学员研究真题的目的是:(1)研究历年考题的出题方法和规律,答案分布规律等。(2)研究历年真题的答案格式和评分标准。这对学员答题将起到极大的指挥作用。

 

二、考情分析

1.真题试卷结构

题号

题型

题量与分值

第一题

补全文章段落

1题,20分。

第二题

列提纲

1题,20分。

第三题

作文

1题,60分。

 

2.应试技巧

根据试题类型应试技巧分析如下:

1)补全文章段落题:第一步是浏览整篇文章,明确文章的主题和文章的层次关系,清楚所缺失段落;第二步层次分明的进行阐述论证文章的主题。

2)列提纲题:首先浏览整篇文章,做到心中有数,文章是什么类型,讲了什么内容。其次梳理文章的层次,文章可分为几部分。最后,概括每个部分的大意。

3)作文题:首先,理解题意,题目的要求是什么,文章类型。其次,构思。议论文的要素:论点、论据、结论。具体文章的模块是什么样的,要理清思路。最后,动笔。在写的时候,尽可能的用到一些漂亮的短语,句型,这些都是得分的亮点。

 

3.真题命题规律

    《英语写作》是一门实践性很强的课程,根据对历年真题的分析,对本课程的命题趋势分析如下:

    (1)第一道题文章体裁一般为:议论文、说明文,其中议论文常见(如20111月、20101月、200910月、20091月等)。

    (2)第二道题列提纲题,文章体裁也多为议论文、说明文。

    (3)写作题以往的历年真题90%左右都是议论文写作,以后仍以议论文写作为主。

   4)本课程试卷考核的难度结构比例为:易、中等难度、中等偏难、难—3: 4 : 2 : 1

 

4.真题题型

全国XXXXXX月高等教育自学考试

英语写作试题

(课程代码:00603

I. Supply the missing paragraph (20 points)

The following passage is incomplete with one body paragraph missing. Study the following passage carefully and write a paragraph of about 100 words. Make sure that the tone and vocabulary you use are in unity with the passage provided.

To Change or Not to Change?

    In the modern workplace there is no longer the attitude that “a job is for life.” Nowadays, many people take the option to change jobs, while others prefer not to. In my opinion, there are both good and bad points of the above attitudes.

    One of the main benefits of staying in one job is security. Changing an employer often means a period of instability, where one may have to think about moving house, or temporarily losing a steady source of income. Staying in one job means these problems are avoided. Another benefit of not changing an occupation is that one is able to gain a lot of experience and expertise in his specific profession, thus enhancing job security. One’s company may recognize his loyalty and reward his service. On the other hand, those who often change jobs may be seen as unreliable and lacking in experience; thus employers might be reluctant to hire and invest training in them.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

   Overall, it can be said that the disadvantages of changing jobs are the advantages of staying put, and vice versa. In my opinion, changing jobs every once in a while is of more benefit.

II. Write an outline (20 points)

   Read the following passage carefully and compose a“topic outline”for it.

May I Help You?

    The world is rapidly changing from an industrial economy to a service economy. There are fewer and fewer small factories and farms. As a result, a decreasing number of people are employed in manufacturing. How many shoemakers or bakers do you know? You probably don't know any, but you do know the advertising people for the shoemakers and salespeople for oven manufacturers. In a service economy such as ours, there are service providers and consumers, who receive a service. According to the authority of the provider, there are three basic relationships between service providers and consumers: customer and salesperson, student and teacher, and patient and doctor.

    In the retail industry, people often say, “The customer is always right.” What they mean is that a salesperson never argues with a customer. If a 350-pound man wants to buy a pink bikini swimsuit, that's his business. The salesperson is there to make the customer feel good about shopping at that particular store so that he'll come back again and again. A salesperson can try to interest the customer in a different style, but she never tells the customer what to do. In the service relationship between the customer and the salesperson, the customer has all the authority.

    The relationship between a student and a teacher is different all over the world. It also varies depending on the age of the student. We tend to accept that“the teacher is always right”through the years of compulsory education. However, once people are old enough to make some choices about their education, the relationship changes. If you want to learn to play the piano, for example, you will probably look for a teacher who will teach you in the way you want to learn. Nevertheless, you still believe that your teacher knows much more about the subject than you do, so in this service relationship, the teacher has medium level of authority.

    Certain service providers have such specialized skills and knowledge that we tend to allow them complete authority in making decisions about what is the best. The doctor-patient relationship is an example of such a relationship. We expect (rightly or wrongly) that the doctor is such an expert that if she says,“You need surgery,” we usually don't say, “No, thank you.” However, the medical profession is changing as many patients are becoming better educated about their conditions. It is now common practice in many parts of the world to get a second doctor's opinion about how to treat a serious illness. Even so, in the traditional doctor-patient relationship, it is the doctor who has most, if not all, of the authority.

   In conclusion, most of us will be on both sides in a service relationship at some point in our lives. You may be a customer at noon and a salesperson at 1 p.m. You may be a teacher at the age of twenty-eight and a student at the age of fifty-eight. If you become an expert in a certain field, such as engineering, medicine, law, or psychology, you may be a client or patient one day and the service provider the next. However, you will never be both at the same time, and providing great service to your clients will still be based on the fundamental principle of understanding what your customer wants and needs.

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

III. Compose an essay (60 points)

    Some people say that computers have made life easier and more convenient. Other people say that computers have made life more complex and stressful. What is your opinion?

       Write an essay of about 300 words discussing this issue with the title given.

                            Do Computers Make Our Life Easier?

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

重要通知